Kurt Hahn is often considered the father of outward bound training.
In the years gone by he was approached by the owner of a merchant shipping vessel and asked to work with some of the sailors in order to improve upon their survival rate at sea.
Kurt proceeded to take them to the outdoors and asked them to involve themselves in tasks that presented psychological risks but not actual risks. In these settings the sailors were meant to learn skills such as leadership and team work.
This form of teaching was meant to prepare them for the rigorous journeys and challenges ahead.